Children need love
and their shots on time.
..Immunizations are an important part of your child’s total health care.
Immunize your child on time,and keep your child’s immunization record up-to-date.
One of the most important part of well being is to be protected and safe. Immunizations also called vaccines provide protection against serious diseases and they also help reduce the spread of disease to others.
• Immunizations have greatly reduced the ocurrence of epidemics.
Vaccines are safe, and scientists continually work to make sure they become even safer. Immunizations are made of either weakened or "killed" versions of the bacteria or virus that causes a particular disease. When these altered viruses and bacteria are injected into the body (or, in the case of the rotavirus vaccine, taken orally), the immune system mounts an attack that stimulates the body's production of antibodies. Once produced, these antibodies remain active in the body and will be ready if your child is ever exposed to the real disease.
Children should receive most of their immunizations during the first two years of life, starting at birth. Doses cannot be given too close together or immunity doesn’t have time to build up. Boosters are given before children go to school. Children who are behind on getting their shots are at risk and need to catch up on immunizations to be protected.
• Which immunizations are recommended and when are they given?
These immunizations are recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
At birth, infants have protection against some minor infections because antibodies have passed through the placenta from the mother to the unborn child. After birth, breastfeeding is the best nutrition for the baby and breastfed babies get the continued benefits of additional antibodies in breast milk, but it does not prevent serious infections and does not protect a child from the diseases preventable by vaccines.
A newborn needs to receive the first HepB -hepatitis B- shot within 12 hours after birth,at any time prior to leaving the hospital. The second shot is given at 2 months in conjunction with other routine childhood immunizations.
Children entering child care should have:
• 1st DTap (Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis whooping cough)
• 2nd DTap(Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis whooping cough)
• 3rd DTap (Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis whooping cough)
• 4 DTap (Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis)
4 - 6 years
• 5 DTaP (Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis)
11 -12 years
• 1st DTaP ( adult - Diphtheria-Tetanus- Pertussis) or 1dose TD ( Diphtheria-Tetanus every 10 years)
14 -18 years
Older children and teens also need immunizations. It is important that they have:
• 2 Hep A and 3 Hep B series completed
If you have any questions, please make an appointment with your child's pediatrician so he or she may answer your questions, or call the County's Health Department immunization office at (619) 692-8661, or visit www.sdiz.org.
This article is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. The information in the article was in part excerpted from the County of San Diego HHSA Immunization Branch website: www.sdiz.org. The Immunizations Schedule Information is reprinted from The American Academy of Pediatrics and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Recommended Immunizations Schedule 2008, revised for its publication by Dr.Ernesto Plazola G., M.D.,PhD. in pediatrics, Editor-in-Chief Salud+Health Info Publication 2008.
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